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Table 1 Baseline characteristics of the participants, distribution according to the groups, and chi-square test results

From: Survival rate of primary molar restorations is not influenced by hand mixed or encapsulated GIC: 24 months RCT

Variables Hand-mixed (n %) Encapsulated (n %) p value*
Variables related to the children (323 teeth in 145 children)
Sex    0.111
Female 65 (44.2) 82 (55.8)  
Male 96 (54.6) 80 (45.4)  
Age    0.019
3 to 4 years-old 57 (41.3) 81 (58.7)  
5 to 10 years-old 104 (56.2) 81 (43.8)  
dmfs    0.720
0 to 3 35 (47.8) 38 (52.2)  
4 or more 126 (50.4) 124 (49.6)  
Variables related to the teeth (n = 323)
Dental Arch    0.958
Upper 83 (50.0) 83 (50.0)  
Lower 78 (49.7) 79 (50.3)  
Type of Molar    0.513
First molar 63 (47.7) 69 (52.3)  
Second molar 98 (51.1) 93 (48.7)  
Surface    0.030
Occlusal 113 (54.3) 95 (45.7)  
Occlusoproximal 48 (41.7) 67 (58.3)  
Total 161 (49.9) 162 (50.1)  
  1. *Calculated by chi-square test adjusted by the cluster (children)