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Table 2 Comparison of the clinical periodontal parameters between groups

From: Antibodies against citrullinated proteins in relation to periodontitis with or without rheumatoid arthritis: a cross-sectional study

Periodontal parameters RAPd
(n = 20)
RA
(n = 20)
Pd
(n = 20)
HC
(n = 20)
p-value
Means ± SD Means ± SD Means ± SD Means ± SD
VPI (%) 55.24 ± 25.13 36.04 ± 23.17 55.18 ± 26.94 28.47 ± 20.78 **0.001a
GBI (%) 33.52 ± 23.41 7.29 ± 6.54 40.02 ± 24.45 12.92 ± 15.39 ** < 0.001a
PPD (mm) 3.07 ± 0.72 1.92 ± 0.28 3.62 ± 0.92 1.95 ± 0.32 ** < 0.001a
CAL (mm) 3.77 ± 1.12 0.61 ± 0.10 4.33 ± 1.78 0.63 ± 0.19 ** < 0.001a
PISA (mm2) 772.83 ± 619.45 102.09 ± 96.56 1148.53 ± 782.47 202.80 ± 137.76 ** < 0.001b
  1. RA, Rheumatoid arthritis; Pd, Periodontitis; RAPd group, Subjects with RA and Pd; RA group, Subjects with RA but without Pd; PD group, Subjects without RA but has Pd; HC group, Subjects without both RA and Pd; VPI, Visible plaque index; GBI, Gingival bleeding index; PPD, Probing pocket depth; CAL, Clinical attachment level; PISA, Periodontal inflamed surface area
  2. aOne-way ANOVA
  3. bKruskal- Wallis Test
  4. **Statistically significant at p < 0.05