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Table 2 Determinants of access to dental services

From: Inequality in dental services: a scoping review on the role of access toward achieving universal health coverage in oral health

Dimensions of access Main determinants Sub determinants
Acceptability of services Family condition Existence of an elderly member in the family
Existence of a child in the family
Families living in poverty
Race/ethnic minority/aboriginality of a family
Occurring pregnancy in the family
Member living alone
Education level of the whole family
Primary language spoken at home
Number of children at the shelter
Cultural factors Fear of dental treatment or phobias
Oral health beliefs
Poor oral health behaviours
Financial Health demands Unmet oral healthcare needs
Health problems
Poor oral condition
Affordability of services Income
Health insurance
Cost of services (out of pocket payment)
Medicaid and medicare
Federal government’s funding
Physical Availability of services Oral health delivery system
Public coverage of dental services
Dentists visits/preventive care
Specialised treatment
Virtual dental home
Long waiting time
High proportion of dentists
Shelter based care
Access to oral hygiene products
Socio-environmental factors Refugees
Disadvantages people
Geographical distance Geographical access
Travel time
Using public transportation
Rural populations
Living in census areas
Living in the regions outside major cities