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Table 2 Determinants of access to dental services

From: Inequality in dental services: a scoping review on the role of access toward achieving universal health coverage in oral health

Dimensions of access

Main determinants

Sub determinants

Acceptability of services

Family condition

Existence of an elderly member in the family

Existence of a child in the family

Families living in poverty

Race/ethnic minority/aboriginality of a family

Occurring pregnancy in the family

Member living alone

Education level of the whole family

Primary language spoken at home

Number of children at the shelter

Cultural factors

Fear of dental treatment or phobias

Oral health beliefs


Poor oral health behaviours


Health demands

Unmet oral healthcare needs

Health problems

Poor oral condition

Affordability of services


Health insurance

Cost of services (out of pocket payment)

Medicaid and medicare

Federal government’s funding


Availability of services

Oral health delivery system

Public coverage of dental services

Dentists visits/preventive care

Specialised treatment

Virtual dental home

Long waiting time

High proportion of dentists

Shelter based care

Access to oral hygiene products


Socio-environmental factors



Disadvantages people

Geographical distance

Geographical access

Travel time

Using public transportation

Rural populations

Living in census areas

Living in the regions outside major cities