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Table 1 Demographic characteristics and level of work engagement among nurses (N = 215)

From: Work engagement and associated factors among dental nurses in China

Characteristics N (%) UWES
M (IQR) Z/X2 P
Gender    − 0.166 0.868
Male 2 (0.9) 40.00 (0)   
Female 213 (99.1) 36.00 (16)   
Age    12.932 0.012*
< 30 years 106 (49.3) 36.00 (16)   
31–35 years 75 (34.9) 36.00 (13)   
36–40 years 22 (10.2) 37.00 (15)   
41–45 years 10 (4.7) 52.00 (9)   
> 46 years 2 (0.9) 36.50 (0)   
Marital status    − 0.339 0.735
unmarried or other 76 (35.3) 37.00 (16)   
married 139 (64.7) 36.00 (16)   
Highest degree    0.449 0.503
junior college 33 (15.3) 36.00 (23)   
undergraduate 178 (82.8) 36.00 (15)   
master’s 4 (1.9) 26.00 (24)   
Exercise    − 2.367 0.018*
Yes 101 (47.0) 35.00 (14)   
No 114 (53.0) 39.00 (17)   
Post    − 0.947 0.343
nurse 201 (93.5) 36.00 (16)   
head nurse 14 (6.5) 39.50 (16)   
Shift type    − 0.731 0.465
Night shift 35 (16.3) 34.00 (16)   
Day shift 180 (83.7) 36.00 (16)   
Professional titles    10.001 0.007*
nurse 39 (18.1) 37.00 (16)   
senior nurse 152 (70.7) 35.00 (14)   
chief nurse 24 (11.2) 45.50 (19)   
Department    − 0.694 0.488
Outpatient 154 (71.6) 36.00 (17)   
Inpatient 61 (28.4) 37.00 (14)   
Working years    9.161 0.057
1–5 years 48 (22.3) 36.00 (16)   
6–10 years 100 (46.5) 35.00 (13)   
11–15 years 42 (19.5) 39.00 (20)   
16–20 years 15 (7.0) 37.00 (13)   
> 20 years 10 (4.7) 47.50 (17)   
Household income    4.742 0.315
< 10 thousand 78 (36.3) 36.50 (16)   
11–15 thousand 65 (30.2) 36.00 (15)   
16–20 thousand 44 (20.5) 35.00 (16)   
20–30 thousand 18 (8.4) 40.50 (22)   
> 30 thousand 10 (4.7) 35.50 (18)   
  1. Mann–Whitney U Test and Kruskal–Wallis H Test were used in the table
  2. UWES = Utrecht Work Engagement Scale
  3. *p < 0.05