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Table 2 Oral Health Related Quality of Life (OHIP-14) at 12–14 and 17–19 years of age in extremely preterm (EPT), very preterm (VPT), and full term-born adolescents

From: Do preterm-born adolescents have a poorer oral health-related quality of life?

  EPT VPT Full term
n = 25 n = 73 n = 93
Oral function limitation [13, 14] Mean (SD)1/Mean (SD)2 Mean (SD)1/Mean (SD)2 Mean (SD)1/Mean (SD)2
1. Trouble pronouncing words 0.08 (0.28)/0.28 (0.68) 0.05 (0.23)/0.10 (0.34) 0.11 (0.43)/0.04 (0.20)
2. Decreased sense of taste 0.08 (0.28)/0.04 (0.20) 0.03 (0.16)/0.10 (0.38) 0.03 (0.18)/0.05 (0.27
4. Difficulty chewing 0.60 (0.87)/0.52 (0.92) 0.36 (0.70)/0.38 (0.89) 0.33 (0.68)/0.47 (0.80)
7. Uncomfortable when eating 0.12 (0.33)/0.08 (0.28) 0.14 (0.51)/0.15 (0.46) 0.05 (0.23)/0.16 (0.47)
8. Avoids eating 0.12 (0.33)/0.08 (0.28) 0.18 (0.51)/0.18 (0.61) 0.15 (0.42)/0.19 (0.52)
Oro-facial pain [13, 14]    
3. Painful aching 0.28 (0.54)/0.28 (0.54) 0.53 (0.71)/0.68 (0.88) 0.38 (0.64)/0.62 (0.77)
Oro-facial appearance [13, 14]    
5. Self-conscious 0.16 (0.47)/0.56 (0.87) 0.25 (0.62)/0.38 (0.89) 0.23 (0.55)/0.32 (0.6
10. Been embarrassed 0.12 (0.33)/0.36 (0.99) 0.25 (0.60)/0.38 (0.84) 0.29 (0.60)/0.37 (0.70)
Psychosocial impact [13, 14]    
6. Felt tense 0.20 (0.82)/0.28 (0.61) 0.16 (0.47)/0.23 (0.59) 0.13 (0.42)/0.22 (0.60)
9. Difficulty in relaxing 0.20 (0.41)/0.12 (0.44) 0.11 (0.36)/0.23 (0.61) 0.11 (0.35)/0.28 (0.63
11. Irritable with others 0.00 (0.00)/0.08 (0.28) 0.11 (0.46)/0.03 (0.23) 0.11 (0.38)/0.10 (0.36)
12. Difficulty doing jobs 0.08 (0.40)/0.04 (0.20) 0.03 (0.23)/0.07 (0.30) 0.04 (0.20)/0.08 (0.30)
13. Found life unsatisfying 0.08 (0.40)/0.08 (0.28) 0.12 (0.58)/0.16 (0.65) 0.06 (0.29)/0.17 (0.58)
14. Unable to function in daily life 0.00 (0.00)/0.00 (0.00) 0.00 (0.00)/0.08 (0.49) 0.01 (0.10)/0.02 (0.15)
Total scores    
Mean 2.12 (2.82)/2.80 (3.70) 2.32 (3.73)/3.16 (5.13) 2.03 (2.96)/3.10 (4.88)
Median 1.00/2.00 1.00/1.00 1.00/1.00
Range 0–11/0–14 0–20/0–30 0–16/0–32
  1. Mean (SD)1 = at 12–14 years of age. Mean (SD)2 = at 17–19 years of age. No significant differences were found within and between the groups over the five year period (ANOVA test)