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Table 3 Predictors for TMJ pain (unadjusted odds ratios)

From: Can ultrasonography be used to assess capsular distention in the painful temporomandibular joint?

Variables Odds ratio 95% confidence interval P value
Age 1.000 0.981–1.020 0.970
Sex† 0.852 0.440–1.652 0.636
Capsular width 1.497 1.132–1.697  < 0.001*
Joint sound 2.848 1.507–5.386 0.001*
Tooth attrition 2.069 1.116–3.835 0.021*
Tongue ridging 1.952 1.054–3.617 0.330
Buccal mucosa ridging 1.952 1.054–3.617 0.330
History of orthodontic treatment 1.809 0.614–5.324 0.282
Stress 2.209 1.140–4.280 0.019*
Depression 1.165 0.516–2.629 0.713
Anxiety 1.748 0.777–3.931 0.177
Bruxism 1.111 0.457–2.702 0.816
Clenching 1.555 0.804–3.009 0.190
Side sleep 1.571 0.762–3.240 0.221
Unilateral chewing 1.063 0.563–2.008 0.850
Chin leaning 2.172 0.816–5.784 0.120
Alcohol consumption 1.711 0.670–4.373 0.262
Caffeine consumption 1.143 0.594–2.198 0.689
Forward head posture 1.388 0.606–3.179 0.438
  1. Odds ratio of female relative to male
  2. * Statistically significant by univariate logistic regression analysis