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Table 1 Participants' demographic and health characteristics and relationship between the characteristics and their edentulous status (N = 222)

From: Oral health status of patients infected with human immunodeficiency virus and related factors, Iran: a cross-sectional study

Variables Measures Univariate analysis
Participants' edentulous status p-value
Yes No
Age, year, Mean ± SD 39.68 ± 8.62 43.61 ± 8.60 37.51 ± 7.84 0.001
Sex, N (%)     0.001¶¶
 Man 151 (68.02) 65 (43.05) 86 (56.95)  
 Woman 71 (31.98) 14 (19.72) 57 (80.28)  
Duration of disease, year, Mean ± SD 7.61 ± 4.21 8.70 ± 4.78 7.07 ± 4.09 0.008
Marital status, N (%)     0.294¶¶
 Single 77 (34.68) 32 (41.56) 45 (58.44)  
 Divorced/widowed 61 (27.48) 22 (36.06) 39 (63.94)  
 Married 84 (37.84) 25 (29.76) 59 (70.24)  
Number of their children, Mean ± SD 0.97 ± 1.39 1.01 ± 1.62 0.94 ± 1.25 0.726
Education, N (%)     0.277¶¶
 0–5 year education 91 (40.99) 38 (41.76) 53 (58.24)  
 6–11 year education 89 (40.09) 28 (31.46) 61 (68.54)  
 Having a diploma degree or university education 42 (18.92) 13 (30.95) 29 (69.05)  
Employment status, N (%)     0.003¶¶
 Unemployed or having a temporary job 118 (53.15) 52 (44.07) 66 (55.93)  
 Having a permanent job 36 (16.22) 14 (38.89) 22 (61.11)  
 Homemaker 68 (30.63) 13 (19.12) 55 (80.88)  
Route of HIV transmission, N (%)     0.006¶¶
 Using share syringe by IV-drug abusers 128 (57.66) 58 (45.31) 70 (54.69)  
 Sexual contact outside the family 46 (20.72) 10 (21.74) 36 (78.26)  
 Transmission from her/his HIV + spouse 37 (16.67) 9 (24.32) 28 (75.68)  
 Other routes 11 (4.95) 2 (18.18) 9 (81.82)  
Smoking cigarette/hookah (up to now), N (%)      < 0.001¶¶
 Yes 150 (67.57) 68 (45.34) 82 (54.66)  
 No 72 (32.43) 11 (15.28) 61 (84.72)  
Drinking alcohol (up to now), N (%)     0.001¶¶
 Yes 96 (43.24) 46 (47.92) 50 (52.08)  
 No 126 (56.76) 33 (26.19) 93 (73.81)  
Addiction to smoked illegal drugs (up to now), N (%)      < 0.001¶¶
 Yes 138 (62.16) 66 (47.83) 72 (52.17)  
 No 84 (37.84) 13 (15.48) 71 (84.52)  
Addiction to injected illegal drugs (up to now), N (%)      < 0.001¶¶
 Yes 119 (53.60) 59 (49.58) 60 (50.42)  
 No 103 (46.40) 20 (19.42) 83 (80.58)  
History of imprisonment, N (%)      < 0.001¶¶
 Yes 130 (58.56) 62 (47.69) 68 (52.31)  
 No 92 (41.44) 17 (18.48) 75 (81.52)  
  1. HIV human immunodeficiency virus; IV intravenous; SD standard deviationl
  2. Indepandent sample T test
  3. ¶¶Chi-square test