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Table 2 DMFT and oral treatment needs among people living with HIV in southwestern Uganda

From: Prevalence, correlates and treatment needs of dental caries among people on antiretroviral therapy in Uganda: a cross sectional study

Characteristic Decayed Missing Filled Mean DMFT* Treatment need** P-value***
(N = 113) (N = 79) (N = 8)
n (%) n (%) n (%) %
Age categories    
 < 36 31 (27.4) 18 (22.8) 4 (50) 3 96 0.404
36–45 42 (37.2) 30 (38.0) 2 (25) 3.4 99.4
 > 45 40 (35.4) 31 (39.2) 2 (25) 2.6 98.5
Gender    
Male 35 (31.0) 27 (34.2) 1 (12.5) 2.4 98.7 0.121
Female 78 (69.0) 52 (65.8) 7 (87.5) 3.3 97.9
Education    
None 16 (14.2) 9 (11.4) 2 (25.0) 2.8 100 0.927
Primary 58 (51.3) 38 (48.1) 0 (0) 3 99.1
Secondary 28 (24.8) 22 (27.9) 3 (37.5) 3.4 97.6
Certificate 7 (6.2) 7 (8.9) 1 (12.5) 2.6 96
Diploma 4 (3.5) 3 (3.8) 2 (25.0) 2.4 88.2
Occupation    
Formal Employment 14 (12.39) 7 (8.9) 2 (25.0) 2.6 97.2 0.813
Business 7 (6.2) 4 (5.1) 1 (12.5) 2.4 100
unskilled worker 46 (40.7) 33 (41.8) 1 (12.5) 3 99
Self employed 46 (40.7) 35 (44.) 4 (50.0) 3.2 97.4
CD4 count    
 ≤ 350 27 (23.9) 21 (26.6) 2 (25.0) 3.3 99.2 0.57
 > 350 86 (76.1) 58 (73.4) 67 (75.0) 2.9 97.8
Meals per day    
Once 10 (8.9) 8 (10.1) 4 (50.0) 3.2 100 0.946
Twice 57 (50.4) 42 (53.2) 0 (0) 2.9 99.1
Thrice 44 (38.9) 26 (32.9) 3 (37.5) 3.1 97.4
 > 3 times 2 (1.8) 3 (3.8) 1 (12.5) 3.8 83.3
Tooth brushing habits    
No 13 (11.5) 6 (7.6) 0 (0) 1.9 100 0.093
At least once a day 100 (88.5) 73 (92.4) 8 (100) 3.2 98
Alcohol use    
No 95 (84.1) 65 (82.3) 7 (87.5) 3.1 97.9 0.51
Yes 18 (15.9) 14 (17.7) 1 (12.5) 2.7 99.6
Smoking    
No 106 (93.8) 74 (93.7) 8 (100) 3.1 98 0.354
Yes 7 (6.2) 5 (6.3) 0 (0) 2.1 100
Ever had a dental checkup    
Never 104 (92.0) 68 (86.1) 6 (75.0) 3 98.5 0.169
Once 7 (6.2) 9 (11.4) 1 (12.5) 2.9 98.3
Twice 1 (0.9) 1 (1.3) 0 (0)   100
3+ times 1 (0.9) 1 (1.3) 1 (12.5)   60
Eating snacks    
No 26 (23.0) 16 (20.3) 0 (0) 2.8 100 0.728
Yes 87 (77.0) 63 (79.7) 8 (100) 3.1 97.6
Use of other drugs    
No 101 (89.4) 70 (88.6) 7 (87.5) 3.1 97.9 0.231
Yes 12 (10.6) 9 (11.4) 1 (12.5) 2.1 100
  1. *DMFT, decayed missing, and filled teeth
  2. **Treatment need (decayed + missing teeth/decayed + missing + filled teeth) %
  3. ***p-values of significance between mean DMFT according to social participant characteristics calculated using chi-square testing
  4. n = participants