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Table 1 List of activities included in interventions/studies

From: Effectiveness of primary school-based interventions in improving oral health of children in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review and meta-analysis

No List of activities included in interventions/studies
01 Oral health education sessions for children [8, 28,29,30,31,32,33,34,35,36,37,38,39,40,41,42,43,44,45,46,47,48,49]
02 Oral health education sessions for parents [27, 28, 30, 32, 33]
03 Integration of activities into the school curriculum [8, 28, 31, 33, 34, 50, 36]
04 Training for those delivering the program [8, 27, 28, 31,32,33, 50, 51, 45,46,47, 50,51,52] and follow up training for reinforcement [8, 27]
05 Provision and use of educational materials to children such as charts, posters, pictures, games, models and audio-visual aids [8, 9, 27, 29, 30, 32,33,34, 51, 40,41,42,43,44,45, 44, 45]
06 Demonstration of oral health self-care [27, 31, 34, 38, 40, 44,45,46]
07 Provision and use of instruction manuals [8, 31, 33, 46,47,48, 48]
08 Oral examination, informing parents [9, 25, 32, 34, 37, 43] and offer of free treatment [37]
09 Provision of fluoride toothpaste [9, 33, 34, 52] and tooth brush [28, 34]
10 Provision of fluoride mouth rinse [38, 45] and fluoride gel [38]
11 Regular visits to motivate teachers [27, 34]
12 Supervised tooth brushing [23, 24, 27, 31, 50, 52, 38, 39] and flossing [39], and brush with disclosed plaque visualization [22]
13 Tour of dental hospital/health clinic [9, 36]
14 Peer health education, supervision of toothbrushing and training of children [36]
15 Provision of sugar free chewing gum [27]
16 Knowledge contests on oral health knowledge, painting oral health situations, brushing teeth, and public speaking [9, 29, 30, 36]
17 Provision of preventive and curative care including sealing pits and fissures, removal of calculus, restoring cavities, emergency care, treating pulpally involved teeth, and zinc supplementation [9, 25, 26, 50, 52]
18 Provision of take-home materials such as brush charts, parent educational flyers and calendars [30, 33, 43, 53, 48]
19 Use of mass media to provide information about the project activities [31, 50, 52]
20 Attending annual conferences [39] and national convention and exhibition [36]
21 Action planning exercises, rate how confident they were and identify barriers to dental flossing [35]
22 Children conduct health activities at school [36, 42, 47]
23 Children formulate a proposition of, ways to overcome obstacles and formulate goals to brush three times a day [44]
24 Demonstration and practice on how to make a chew stick [46]