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Table 4 Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for students' intake of soft drinks, chocolate/candy, and sugared coffee/tea, and use of toothpicks, according to sex, place of origin, age, educational level, and year of survey.

From: Oral health behavior patterns among Tanzanian university students: a repeat cross-sectional survey

  Soft drinks Chocolate/candy Coffee/tea Toothpicks
  OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI OR 95% CI
Sex         
Female vs male 1.3 1.1–1.6 4.1 2.8–6.1 0.6 0.5–0.8 1.0 0.7–1.4
Age         
19–25 yrs vs >25 yrs 0.9 0.7–1.1 0.5 0.3–0.8 0.9 0.6–1.2 1.1 0.8–1.3
Place of residence         
Urban vs rural 1.9 1.5–2.4 2.1 1.3–3.3 0.8 0.6–1.3 1.0 0.8–1.3
Educational level         
Higher vs lower 2.8 2.1–3.4 1.7 1.1–2.5 0.7 0.5–0.9 1.5 1.2–1.9
Survey year         
2001 vs 1999 1.3 1.1–1.6 0.7 0.7–1.1 0.6 0.4–0.7 1.6 1.3–1.9
  1. Model chi-square (df): Soft drinks χ2 = 131.6 (5); P < 0.001. Chocolate/candy χ2 = 72.0 (5); P < 0.001. Sugared coffee/tea χ2 = 27.7 (5); P < 0.001. Toothpicks χ2 = 31.8 (5); P < 0.001.