Skip to main content

Table 2 Risk Indicators of Gingivitis and Periodontitis

From: Prevalence and risk indicators of gingivitis and periodontitis in a Multi-Centre study in North Jordan: a cross sectional study

Variables Healthy Gingivitis Periodontitis Total p-value* p-value
   N (%) N (%) N (%) N (%)   
Gender Male 23 (9.7) 193 (81.8) 20 (8.5) 236 (39.7)   
  Female 74 (20.7) 258 (72.1) 26 (7.3) 359 (60.3)   
Income (JOD) < 400 28 (9.5) 237 (80.6) 29 (9.9) 295 (49.6) < 0.0005 < 0.0005
  ≥ 400 69 (23.0) 214 (71.3) 17 (5.7) 300 (50.4)   
Education (Years) ≤ 12 21 (11.1) 135 (71.4) 33 (17.5) 189 (31.8) 0.101 < 0.0005
  > 12 76 (18.8) 316 (78.0) 13 (3.2) 406 (68.2)   
Residency Urban 65 (18.5) 264 (75) 23 (6.5) 352 (59.2) 0.122 0.051
  Rural 32 (13.2) 187 (77.3) 23 (9.5) 243 (40.8)   
BMI (Kg/m2)§ < 25 78 (20.9) 280 (74.9) 16 (4.3) 375 (62.9) 0.002 < 0.0005
  25-29 16 (9.7) 130 (78.8) 19 (11.5) 165 (27.8)   
  ≥ 30 3 (5.6) 40 (74.1) 11 (20.4) 54 (9.3)   
Dental visits Regular 28 (29.5) 60 (63.2) 7 (7.4) 95 (16.0) 0.0005 0.070
  On need 40 (17.0) 178 (75.5) 17 (7.2) 236 (39.7)   
  Emergency 29 (11.0) 213 (80.7) 22 (8.3) 264 (44.3)   
Brushing No brushing 1 (1.7) 53 (91.0) 4 (6.9) 58 (9.7) < 0.0005 < 0.0005
  Irregular(< 1/day) 17 (9.8) 138 (79.3) 19 (10.9) 174 (29.2)   
  Regular (≥ 2/day) 79 (21.8) 260 (71.0) 23 (6.4) 363 (61.1)   
Smoking No 88 (18.3) 357 (74.4) 35 (7.3) 481 (81.1) 0.018 0.027
  Past 1 (5.9) 13 (76.5) 3 (17.6) 17 (2.9)   
  Current 7 (7.4) 80 (84.2) 8 (8.4) 95 (16.0)   
Family history Yes 22 (13.2) 126 (75.4) 19 (11.4) 167 (28.2) 0.304 0.024
  No 74 (17.5) 323 (76.2) 27 (6.4) 425 (71.8)   
  1. *Gingivitis vs. Healthy
  2. Periodontitis vs. Healthy
  3. Jordanian Dinars
  4. § Body Mass Index