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Table 1 Subjects’ characteristics according to menopausal status

From: Association between salivary pH and metabolic syndrome in women: a cross-sectional study

   Pre-menopausal women    Menopausal women   p-value
   (n=55)    (n=143)   
Age (years) 47.7 ± 6.6 63.9 ± 7.6 <0.001
Range 24.0 - 52.0 39.0 - 82.0  
BMI (kg/m 2 ) 27.0 ± 4.8 28.7 ± 5.4 0.040
Waist (cm) 88.26 ± 11.73 93.11 ± 15.49 0.037
Salivary pH 6.64 ± 0.34 6.70 ± 0.30 NS
Glycemia (mmol/L) 5.68 ± 2.08 5.76 ± 1.62 NS
Glycerol (mmol/L) * 0.07 ± 0.06 0.10 ± 0.05 <0.001
CT (mmol/L) 5.79 ± 1.36 6.05 ± 1.05 NS
HDL-C (mmol/L) 1.35 ± 0.48 1.41 ± 0.33 NS
TG (mmol/L) * 1.36 ± 3.86 1.68 ± 1.65 0.031
Apo B (g/L) * a 1.01 ± 0.28 1.08 ± 0.21 NS
Systolic blood pressure 120.0 ± 16.8 134.3 ± 18.1 <0.001
Diastolic blood pressure 74.1 ± 9.0 72.7 ± 9. 2 NS
T2DM (%)   20.0    30.8   NS
IGT or T2DM (%) b   29.1    42.0   <0.001
Exogenous hormone    
use (%)   0    54.5   <0.001
  1. Abbreviations BMI: body mass index; CT: cholesterol total; HDL-C: high-density lipoprotein cholesterol; TG: triglycerides; Apo B: apolipoprotein B; T2DM: type 2. Diabetes Mellitus; IGT: impaired glucose tolerance.
  2. a : n for PMW =54 and n for MW = 139.
  3. b : n for PMW =34 and n for MW = 74.
  4. Mean ± SD. NS: p > 0.1.
  5. *P-values were obtained after the log10-transpormation of the data, and geometric means are shown.