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Table 3 Chi-square test and Fisher-exact test for oral health behaviors and practice toward DM, at 3 month follow up (N = 130)

From: Effectiveness of lifestyle change plus dental care (LCDC) program on improving glycemic and periodontal status in the elderly with type 2 diabetes

Variables Intervention group (n = 65) Control group (n = 65) p-value*
no. (%) no. (%)
Oral health behaviors    
Tooth brushing (yes) 65 (100.0) 65 (100.0) -
Mouth rinse (yes) 32 (49.2) 24 (36.9) 0.157
Salt solution (yes) 32 (49.2) 19 (29.2) 0.020
Dental floss (yes) 46 (70.8) 5 (7.7) <0.001
Tooth pick (yes) 33 (50.8) 40 (61.5) 0.216
Inter-proximal brush (yes) 23 (35.4) 20 (30.8) 0.576
Have had dental treatment, previous 3 months (yes) 24 (36.9) 15 (23.1) 0.085
Practice toward DM
Exercise
   
 > 5times/week 19 (29.2) 6 (9.2) < 0.001
 2-5 times/week 24 (36.9) 22 (33.8)  
 1 time/week 12 (18.5) 9 (13.8)  
 2-3 times/month 7 (10.8) 5 (7.7)  
 Never 3 (4.6) 23 (35.5)  
Tested weight    
 > 1 time/month 22 (33.8) 13 (20.0) 0.075
 1 time/month 43 (66.2) 52 (80.0)  
Diet modification (yes) 61 (93.8) 46 (70.8) 0.001
Forgot to take any drugs prescribed (yes) 28 (43.1) 30 (46.2) 0.724
Eye examination, last year (yes) 56 (86.2) 50 (76.9) 0.175
Foot examination, last year (yes) 57 (87.7) 16 (24.6) < 0.001
Always wear covered shoes (yes) 41 (63.1) 19 (29.2) < 0.001
Screening of feet    
Everyday 50 (76.9) 39 (60.0) 0.044
Sometimes 12 (18.5) 15 (23.1)  
Rarely/never 3 (4.6) 11 (16.9)  
  1. p by chi-square test or Fisher-exact test.
  2. *Statistical significances of difference: p < 0.05.