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Table 5 Logistic regression model of characteristics associated with a vicious cycle profile (having delayed dental visiting, dental problems and symptom-driven treatment)

From: The vicious cycle of dental fear: exploring the interplay between oral health, service utilization and dental fear

  Odds ratio Confidence interval P-value
Fear of going to the dentist    
   Not afraid (Ref.) 1   
   A little afraid 1.24 0.97–1.59 0.087
   Quite afraid 1.40 0.96–2.04 0.079
   Very afraid 3.33 2.67–4.15 <0.001
Sex    
   Female (Ref.) 1   
   Male 1.96 1.63–2.36 <0.001
Age    
   16–24 (Ref.) 1   
   25–39 1.28 0.95–1.73 0.100
   40–64 0.99 0.74–1.32 0.918
   65+ 1.10 0.75–1.61 0.642
Dentate status    
   Edentulous (Ref.) 1   
   Dentate 1.71 1.25–2.35 0.001
Employment    
   Student/retired (Ref.) 1   
   Unemployed 1.49 1.09–2.03 0.013
   Part-time 1.48 1.05–2.07 0.023
   Full-time 1.62 1.18–2.22 0.003
Annual household income    
   Less than $20,000 (Ref.) 1   
   $20,001 – $50,000 0.64 0.50–0.82 <0.001
   $50,001 – $80,000 0.48 0.36–0.64 <0.001
   Greater than $80,000 0.32 0.23–0.45 <0.001