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Table 2 Model I: Perceived need for immediate problem oriented care regressed on clinical and non-clinical factors Percent confirming need (n), adjusted OR and 95% Confidence intervals, CI.

From: Perceived dental treatment need among older Tanzanian adults – a cross-sectional study

Determinant – overall % in population (100%) % (n) P value Adjusted OR 95% CI
Step I (Sociodemographics)     
Age: 50–59 (n = 454/44.0%) 52.0 (236)   1  
   60–69 (n = 303/29.4%) 43.9 (133)   0.7 0.4–1.0
   70+ (n = 274/26.6%) 45.3 (124) 0.056 0.6 0.3–0.9
Male (n = 478/46.4%) 50.6 8242)   1  
Female (n = 553/53.6%) 45.4 (251) 0.104 0.6 0.4–0.9
Urban (n = 511 49.6%) 42.9 (219)   1  
Rural (n = 520/50.4%) 52.7 (274) 0.002 1.2  
Dental attendance: never (n = 797/77.3%) 42.9 (342)   1 0.8–1.7
   >once (n = 234/22.7%) 64.5 (151) 0.000 1.5 1.1–2.2
Step II (Clinically assessed dental status)     
Full PO & AO (n = 125/12.9%) 32.8 (41)   1  
Reduced AO or PO (n = 460/47.6%) 46.5 8214)   1.7 1.1–2.0
Reduced PO & AO (n = 382/39.5%) 55.2 (211) 0.000 1.8 1.1–2.9
Decayed: 0–1 teeth (n = 508/49.3 %) 41.5 (211)   1  
Decayed: 2–22 teeth (n = 523/50.7%) 53.0 (282) 0.000 0.9 0.6–1.2
Tooth mobility: <2 teeth (n = 830/80.5%) 45.5 (378)   1  
Tooth mobility: ≥2 teeth (n = 201/19.5%) 57.2 (115) 0.004 0.7 0.6–1.4
Step III (Symptom status)     
Experience pain: no (n = 456/44.2 %) 27.4 (125)   1  
   yes (n = 575/55.8%) 64.0 (368) 0.000 1.3 0.9–1.9
Experience broken teeth: no (n = 636/61.7%) 38.4 (244)   1  
   Yes (n = 395/38.3%) 63.0 (249) 0.000 1.9 1.3–2.6
Chewing problem: no (n = 617/59.9%) 37.6 (232)   1  
Chewing problem: ≥1 food (n = 413/40.1%) 63.0 (260) 0.000 1.2 0.8–1.7
Step IV (Functional disadvantage)     
OIDP: none (n = 442/43.2%) 24.4 (108)   1  
   ≥1 (n = 582/56.8%) 65.6 (382) 0.000 2.1 1.5–2.9
Step V (General oral health perceptions)     
Satisfied chew ability: yes (n = 766/74.3%) 37.7 (289)   1  
   no (n = 265/25.7%) 77.0 (204) 0.000 1.8 1.2–2.8
Oral status good: yes (n = 663/64.3%) 30.2 (200)   1  
   no (n = 368/35.7%) 79.6 (293) 0.000 4.6 3.1–6.7