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Table 2 Explanation of the essential CDEs shared by all three ECC centers

From: The basic research factors questionnaire for studying early childhood caries

Domain (number of items) Description Scoring Levels
Parental Oral Health Behaviors (12) Items related to parental oral health behavior assess oral hygiene routines and feeding practices. The overall behavior score represents the percentage of oral health behavior items that were answered with an “adherent” response. Adherent means the participant reported following the recommended oral health behavior. 0-100% Parent/Family
Insurance/Utilization & Cost (29) These items assess access to dental care and utilization of dental health care for prevention and treatment for dental caries. N/A Child/Parent/Family
Parental Oral Health Knowledge (15) This measure assesses parental knowledge related to oral hygiene routines and feeding practices. The overall knowledge score represents the percentage of oral health knowledge items answered correctly. 0–100% Parent/Family
Parent/Caregiver Dental Self-Efficacy (11) The overall self-efficacy score represents how sure participants are that they can engage in recommended behavior to take care of their children’s teeth. The overall self-efficacy score is the mean of responses to all items. 1–5
1 = Strongly disagree
5 = Strongly agree
Pediatric Oral Health Quality of Life (12) This measure assesses the extent to which a child’s functioning is affected by negative oral health experiences. 1–4
1 = all the time
4 = Did not happen
Parent/Caregiver and Family Sociodemographics (6) Age, education, employment status, income, parent/caregiver relationship to the child and number of household members N/A Parent/Family
Child Sociodemographics (3) Race, ethnicity, and age N/A Child