Skip to main content

Table 1 Characteristics and periodontal parameters of participants

From: Serum and salivary ferritin and Hepcidin levels in patients with chronic periodontitis and type 2 diabetes mellitus

  Control CP T2DM CP + T2DM P-value
Age (in years, Mean ± SD) 52.45 ± 10.01 58.09 ± 9.97 56.45 ± 11.80 62.82 ± 10.72 0.017a*
Gender, % (n)
 Males 64% (14) 73% (16) 68% (15) 77% (17) 0.779b
 Females 36% (8) 27% (6) 32% (7) 23% (5)
FBG (mg/dL, Mean ± SD) 5.26 ± 0.55 5.27 ± 0.56 8.09 ± 2.22 7.64 ± 2.32 < 0.001a*
BMI (Mean ± SD) 24.43 ± 2.33 25.85 ± 3.51 25.48 ± 3.45 25.00 ± 2.34 0.471a
TG (mmol/L, Mean ± SD) 1.95 ± 0.89 2.82 ± 4.66 2.27 ± 1.59 1.90 ± 1.14 0.435a
CHOL (mmol/L, Mean ± SD) 5.00 ± 1.08 4.62 ± 0.85 4.44 ± 1.02 4.47 ± 1.18 0.284a
HDL (mmol/L, Median (IQR)) 1.17 (1.03, 1.51) 1.10 (0.93, 1.18) 1.10 (0.97, 1.35) 1.17 (0.94, 1.23) 0.511c
LDL (mmol/L, Mean ± SD) 2.88 ± 0.72 2.61 ± 0.82 2.52 ± 0.78 2.59 ± 1.03 0.523a
ALT (u/L, Median(IQR)) 20.00 (14.03, 29.28) 20.50 (13.10, 26.10) 20.80 (15.33, 29.65) 20.55 (15.55, 25.30) 0.992c
AST (u/L, Mean ± SD) 21.87 ± 4.95 22.29 ± 7.62 21.00 ± 6.43 22.40 ± 6.33 0.887a
PD (Mean ± SD) 2.00 ± 0.71 2.80 ± 0.45 2.00 ± 0.65 3.02 ± 0.27 < 0.001c*
CAL (Mean ± SD) 0.08 ± 0.20 3.04 ± 0.32 0.26 ± 0.34 4.07 ± 0.17 < 0.001c*
BI (Mean ± SD) 0.18 ± 0.54 1.55 ± 0.64 0.37 ± 0.59 1.82 ± 0.47 < 0.001c*
PI (Mean ± SD) 1.00 ± 0.48 2.23 ± 0.55 1.28 ± 0.57 2.61 ± 0.29 < 0.001c*
  1. T2DM type 2 diabetes mellitus, CP chronic periodontitis, CP + T2DM chronic periodontitis with type 2 diabetes mellitus, SD standard deviation, IQR interquartile range, FBG fasting blood glucose, BMI body mass index, TG triglyceride, CHOL cholesterol, HDL high density lipoprotein, LDL low density lipoprotein, ALT alanine transaminase, AST aspartate transaminase, PD probing pocket depth, CAL clinical attachment loss, PI plaque index, BI bleeding index
  2. P1: Control vs CP; P2: Control vs T2DM + CP; P3: CP vs T2DM; P4: T2DM vs T2DM + CP
  3. aAnalysis of variance (ANOVA)
  4. bChi-square test
  5. cKruskal-Wallis test
  6. *Significantly different P < 0.05