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Table 3 Outcomes of the 9 included case reports

From: Knowledge of orthodontic tooth movement through the maxillary sinus: a systematic review

Author(s) SRR Force magnitude Moving distance through sinus Duration Tooth movement type Bone forming and remodeling of the sinus floor Side effects Follow-up and relapse
Cacciafesta (2001) [17] type-3 50 g 4–5 mm (half the width of a molar) unknown bodily mesially; up-righting Bone formation took place. minimal root blunting; No marginal bone loss was visible. unknown
Re (2001) [22] type-4 50 g/mm 6 mm 6 months bodily distally (tipping, translation, root movement) Alveolar bone formation and direct remodeling of the sinus lamina dura occurred. Pulp vitality, bone support and normal width of the periodontal ligament were maintained. unknown
Yao (2004) [19] type-3 150–200 g 3 mm 5 months intrusion, slight distal tipping The lamina dura followed molar intrusion and bone remodeling was achieved. Periodontal health and vitality of the teeth were maintained. 1 year; Periodontal health and vitality of the teeth were well maintained.
Kravitz (2006) [18] type-3 100150 g 4.4 mm 6 months intrusion, palatal crown tipping Radiograph showed intact lamina dura around the first molar within the floor. no radiographically evident root resorption. unknown
Oh (2014) [16] type-2:15,25,28 type-4:17 light forces 25: 6 mm; 28: 10 mm; 10 mm (15–17) 70 months 25: bodily distally (tipping, up-righting); 28: bodily mesially (tipping, up-righting); 15: bodily distally; 17: bodily mesially Signs of sinus wall modeling and new alveolar bone deposition were observed in the direction of tooth movement. No apparent root resorption was observed, and the alveolar bone level was maintained. 18 months; Occlusion and normal overjet and overbite were maintained.
Park (2014) [15] type-2:14,24 type-3:16,26 light forces 14–16: (bodily 2–3 mm, up-righting 15–20°) 24–26: (bodily 1–2 mm, up-righting 20–25°) 30 months 14, 24: bodily distally, up-righting; 16, 26: bodily mesially, rotated mesially, up-righting The floor of the sinus did not displace coronally during orthodontic approximation of these teeth. Some areas showed signs of apical root resorption. 1 year; Stable occlusion and the orthodontic treatment results were maintained.
Saglam (2014) [21] type-3 unknown 7 mm unknown bodily distally Alveolar bone formation and remodeling of the sinus floor occurred. Maintained pulp vitality and bone support without loss of the connective tissue attachment. 2 years; Acceptable intraoral tissue health was observed after 2 years.
Carvalho (2014) [20] type-3 mild and moderate 7 mm 6 months bodily distally The cortical bone and sinus mucosa displaced the maxillary sinus floor during bone and periodontal remodeling. Radiographically evident root resorption was observed. unknown
Kuroda (2016) [14] type-2: 14 type-3:15,16,17,23,24,25,26,27 200 g 4–5 mm 28 months bodily distally (tipping, up-righting) unknown No serious root resorption. 5 years; Occlusion and facial profile were stable.
  1. SRR sinus-root relationship, Moving distance through sinus the distance by which the tooth was moved through the maxillary sinus