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Table 3 Changes in gingival thickness before and after orthodontic treatment

From: Combining virtual model and cone beam computed tomography to assess periodontal changes after anterior tooth movement

Variable Δ p value
Gender
 Male 0.047 0.316
 Female 0.103
Tooth arch
 Maxilla 0.025 0.140
 Mandible 0.091
Tooth position
 Central incisor 0.062 0.867
 Lateral incisor 0.054
Orthognathic surgery of the tooth
 With Surgery 0.143 < 0.001
 Without surgery −0.027
Translation
 Proclination 0.048 0.597
 Retroclination 0.072
  1. Δ = amount of gingival thickness change after orthodontic treatment