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Table 4 Univariate analysis of risk factors for severity of dental caries in HIV infected adults attending an HIV care clinic in Uganda

From: Prevalence and factors associated with dental caries in patients attending an HIV care clinic in Uganda: a cross sectional study

Characteristic Mean DMFT (SD) Coefficients (95% CI) P-value
Overall 5.9 (5.5)   
Sex
 Male 4.9 (4.8) 1.00  
 Female 6.3 (5.9) 1.35 (0.52,2.19) < 0.05
Age in years
 18–24 4.3 (4.6) 1.00  
 25–35 5.6 (5.3) 1.26 (−0.58,3.11) 0.18
 36–45 5.8 (5.3) 1.48 (−0.34,3.29) 0.11
 46–55 6.4 (5.7) 2.1 (0.15,4.07) 0.04
 56+ 8.5 (8.6) 4.1 (1.58,6.71) < 0.05
Residence
 Urban 5.2 (5.3) 1.00  
 Periurban 5.9 (5.4) 0.69 (−0.29,1.69) 0.17
 Rural 6.5 (5.9) 1.31 (0.29,2.34) 0.01
Education Level
 No formal education 5.7 (5.7) 1.00  
 Primary 5.9 (5.7) 0.31 (−1.26,1.88) 0.70
 Secondary 5.5 (5.2) −0.17(−1.92,1.56) 0.84
 Tertiary 6.3 (5.1) 0.68 (− 1.40,2.79) 0.53
Years on ART
 Less than 6 months 4.9 (4.6) 1.00  
 More than 6 months but less than 2 years 4.5 (3.9) −0.41(−1.97,1.12) 0.60
 More than 2 years but less than 5 years 5.7 (5.5) 0.83 (− 0.49,2.16) 0.22
 More than 5 years 6.6 (6.0) 1.64 (0.66,2.62) < 0.05
Tooth brushing habit
 Seldom brush 7.2 (8.6) 1.00  
 Once a day 5.2 (5.3) −1.94 (−5.04,1.16) 0.22
 Twice or more 6.1 (5.5) −1.01 (−4.06,2.04) 0.52
What is used to clean teeth
 Toothbrush 5.8 (5.5) 1.00  
 Others (toothpicks, floss, charcoal) 7.3 (7.2) 1.50 (−0.75,3.76) 0.19
Toothpaste use
 Toothpaste 5.8 (5.6) 1.00  
 Other 6.7 (5.5) 0.87 (−0.43,2.17) 0.19
Dry mouth experience (Self-reported)
 No 5.8 (5.5) 1.00  
 Yes 7.8 (7.8) 2.00 (−0.17,4.18) 0.07
Ever visited a dentist
 Yes 7.6 (5.5) 1.00  
 No 2.1 (3.4) −5.47(−6.24, 4.71) < 0.05
Sugar Intake (Honey, Biscuits, Soda)
 Less 6.0 (5.8) 1.00  
 More (Several times a week and more) 5.5 (4.8) −0.48 (−1.36,0.41) 0.29
  1. Severity of dental caries is denoted by the DMFT (Decayed, Missing, Filled Teeth) index