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Table 2 Distribution of responses (frequency and percentages), mean rank and pairwise comparisons for Question 1–4, (n = 143)

From: Dentists’ attitudes towards chairside medical conditions screening in a dental setting in Saudi Arabia: an exploratory cross-sectional Study

1.1.How important do you think it is for a dentist to perform/conduct chairside screening for each of the following? Very important (1) N (%) Somewhat important (2) N (%) Not sure (3) N (%) Somewhat unimportant (4) N (%) Very Unimportant (5) N (%) Total Median (IQR) Mean + rank Pairwise comparisons
  a b C d e
(a) Cardiovascular diseases 116 (81.1) 25(17.5) 1 (0.7) 1 (0.7) 0 (0.0) 143 1(0) 2.92 a      
(b) Hypertension 97 (67.8) 43 (30.1) 3 (2.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 143 1(1) 3.24 b      
(c) Diabetes mellitus 113 (79) 27(18.9) 3 (2.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 143 1(0) 2.98 c      
(d) HIV 112 (78.3) 28 (19.6) 2 (1.4) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.7) 143 1(0) 3.00 d      
(e) Hepatitis 121 (84.6) 20 (14.0) 1 (0.7) 0 (0.0) 1 (0.7) 143 1(0) 2.85 e      
Friedman test significant difference between the mean ranks χ2 (4) = 14.59, p < 0.006; *significantly different at P < 0.05
2.If you were considering incorporating medical screening into your practice, how willing would you be to do each of the following? Very willing (1) N (%) Somewhat willing (2) N (%) Not sure (3) N (%) Somewhat unwilling (4) N (%) Very unwilling (5) N (%) Total Median (IQR)) Mean + rank Pairwise comparisons
  a b c d
(a) Conduct chairside screening that yields immediate results 89 (62.2) 43 (30.1) 9 (6.3) 1 (0.7) 1 (0.7) 143 1(1) 2.50 a     
(b) Conduct chairside screening that requires sending samples to an outside laboratory 68 (47.6) 55 (38.5) 16 (11.2) 3 (2.1) 1 (0.7) 143 2(1) 2.81 b     *
(c) Discuss screening results with patients immediately following screening 90 (62.9) 44 (30.8) 7 (4.9) 2 (1.4) 0 (0.0) 143 1(1) 2.45 c     
(d) Refer a patient for consultation with a physician 106 (74.1) 34 (23.8) 1 (0.7) 1 (0.7) 1 (0.7) 143 1(1) 2.23 d   *   
Friedman test significant difference between the mean ranks χ2 (3) = 27.73, p < 0.001; *significantly different at P < 0.05
3. How willing would you be to gather the following samples or data as part of your practice? Very willing (1) N (%) Somewhat willing (2) N (%) Not sure (3) N (%) Somewhat unwilling (4) N (%) Very unwilling (5) N (%) Total Median (IQR)) Mean + rank Pairwise comparisons
  a b c d
(a) Oral fluids for salivary diagnostics 33 (23.1) 34 (23.8) 49 (34.3) 19 (13.3) 8 (5.6) 143 3(1) 2.75 a    *  
(b) Drop of blood by finger stick 45 (31.5) 33 (23.1) 36 (25.2) 22 (15.4) 7 (4.9) 143 2(2) 2.58 b     
(c) Blood pressure measurements 56 (39.2) 40 (28.0) 26 (18.2) 14 (9.8) 7 (4.9) 143 2(2) 2.22 c *    
(d) Height and weight (BMI) 49 (34.3) 42 (29.4) 24 (16.8) 14 (9.8) 14 (9.8) 143 2(2) 2.45 d     
Friedman test significant difference between the mean ranks χ2 (3) = 21.24, P < 0.001; *significantly different at P < 0.05
4. If you were considering incorporating medical screening into your practice, how important would each of the following issues be? Very important (1) N (%) Somewhat important (2) N (%) Not sure (3) N (%) Somewhat unimportant (4) N (%) Very Unimportant (5) N (%) Total Median (IQR) Mean + rank Pairwise comparisons
  a b c d e
(a) Time 110 (76.9) 33 (23.1) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 0 (0.0) 143 1(0) 2.63 a    *   
(b) Cost 89 (62.2) 51 (35.7) 2 (1.4) 1 (0.7) 0 (0.0) 143 1(1) 3.00 b    *   
(c) Insurance coverage 66 (46.2) 48 (33.6) 20 (14.0) 7 (4.9) 2 (1.4) 143 2(1) 3.56 c * *   * *
(d) Patient willingness 100 (69.9) 39 (27.3) 3 (2.1) 1 (0.7) 0 (0.0) 143 1(1) 2.79 d    *   
(e) Liability 90 (62.9) 44 (30.8) 7 (4.9) 2 (1.4) 0 (0.0) 143 1(1) 3.02 e    *   
  1. Friedman test significant difference between the mean ranks χ2 (4) = 54.24, p < 0.001; *significantly different at P < 0.05
  2. + Lower mean rank indicates more important/ more willing; Median (IQR) = Median with interquartile range