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Table 1 Description of study participants and bivariate analyses, assessing the association between responses to dental care related items during the most recent pregnancy and selected demographic, smoking, and alcohol variables

From: Dental care during pregnancy based on the pregnancy risk assessment monitoring system in Utah

Demographic, smoking, and alcohol variables    Knew it was important to care for teeth and gums Had teeth cleaned by dentist or dental hygienist during pregnancy A dental or other health care worker talked with them about how to care for their teeth and gums Needed to see a dentist for a problem Went to see a dentist for a problem during pregnancy Had insurance to cover dental care
Maternal age No. % % Yes Pr > ChiSq % Yes Pr > ChiSq % Yes Pr > ChiSq % Yes Pr > ChiSq % Yes Pr > ChiSq % Yes Pr > ChiSq
 15–20 261 6.2 82.6 0.0007 53.8 0.0028 50.4 0.9163 22.9 0.1748 23.5 0.0200 74.2 0.6123
 21–30 1657 61.3 92.0   56.6   51.7   19.4   19.0   76.7  
 31–46 875 32.5 91.1   63.9   50.9   17.0   15.1   75.0  
Maternal race
 White 2234 86.3 93.1 < 0.0001 61.0 < 0.0001 52.2 0.0683 19.0 0.6716 17.9 0.8689 78.1 < 0.0001
 Other 479 13.7 78.7   45.4   46.3   18.0   18.3   62.5  
 Missing 80              
Maternal ethnicity
 Hispanic 579 15.6 81.5 < 0.0001 44.2 < 0.0001 44.8 0.0114 19.1 0.9978 17.2 0.6281 56.1 < 0.0001
 Non-Hispanic 2095 84.4 92.8   61.5   52.4   19.09   18.4   79.6  
 Missing 119              
Marital status
 Married 2150 82.9 92.4 < 0.0001 61.29 < 0.0001 52.1 0.1937 17.3 < 0.0001 16.1 < 0.0001 77.2 0.0073
 Other 634 17.1 84.8   47.4   48.2   26.9   27.1   70.5  
 Missing 9              
Annual household income
 $0–$26,000 946 29.4 86.7 < 0.0001 45.5 < 0.0001 46.0 0.0040 24.4 0.0002 23.3 0.0008 71.3 < 0.0001
 $26,001–$52,000 725 27.7 92.5   54.9   51.6   18.8   16.0   73.6  
 $52,001 or More 925 42.9 93.8   71.0   55.5   15.2   15.5   82.1  
 Missing 197              
Maternal education (years)
 0–8 84 1.5 72.0 < 0.0001 27.4 < 0.0001 33.3 0.0207 21.6 < 0.0001 9.4 < 0.0001 17.9 < 0.0001
 9–11 452 8 82.0   43.1   45.9   27.9   23.8   63.0  
 12 770 19.3 89.0   53.5   49.5   23.1   22.8   74.7  
 13–15 674 35.6 93.5   57.1   51.8   20.9   20.1   79.8  
 ≥ 16 669 35.6 93.4   68.8   54.3   12.3   12.2   79.1  
 Missing 144              
Smoked cigarettes in the past 2 years during, before, or after pregnancy
 Yes 396 11.2 88.3 0.0915 51.4 0.0145 47.1 0.1641 29.3 < 0.0001 29.2 < 0.0001 82.7 0.0091
 No 2355 88.8 91.5   59.0   51.9   17.6   17.6   75.2  
 Missing 42              
Drank alcohol in the past 2 years during, before, or after pregnancy
 Yes 945 31.7 90.8 0.534 55.6 0.0471 48.2 0.0618 23.1 0.0012 21.2 0.0130 80.7 0.0009
 No 1807 68.3 91.6   60.5   52.9   16.9   16.4   73.9  
 Missing 41              
  1. Notes: Percentages are weighted. Only 27 women were older than age 40 years