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Table 1 Distribution of samples according to public denture service utilization over the past five years

From: Predisposing and enabling factors associated with public denture service utilization among older Thai people: a cross-sectional population-based study

Variables Overall distribution (%) Utilizing public denture service (%) Not utilizing public denture service (%)
Overall (N = 38,695) 100.0 22.8 77.2
Predisposing variables
 Age (years):*
  60–69 55.7 47.1 58.2
  70–79 30.7 36.2 29.1
  80+ 13.6 16.7 12.7
 Sex:*
  Male 44.3 40.1 45.5
  Female 55.7 59.0 54.5
 Educational level:*
  Uneducated 11.1 10.4 11.4
  Primary or less 76.2 71.2 77.7
  Secondary or Vocational 8.1 11.4 7.0
  At least tertiary 4.6 7.0 3.9
 Asset index of household possession:*
  1st quartile 36.8 27.1 39.8
  2nd quartile 20.9 17.7 21.9
  3rd quartile 20.6 22.0 20.1
  4th quartile 21.7 33.2 18.2
 Dependency level (Seattle Care Pathway):*
  No dependency 20.4 16.2 21.6
  Pre−/Low dependency 64.7 69.8 65.0
  Moderate dependency 8.5 8.9 8.3
  High dependency 6.4 5.1 5.1
Enabling variables
 Working status:*
  Economically inactive 58.8 56.9 65.3
  Economically active:    
  Working in agricultural and related sectors 22.3 24.5 14.8
  Working in non-agricultural sectors 18.9 18.6 19.9
 Health behaviors:
  Health-promoting behavior (Annual health check-up):*
   No 47.2 42.4 48.7
   Yes 52.8 57.6 51.3
  Health-compromising behavior:*    
   Alcohol drinking and Smoking:
    Neither 79.2 84.6 77.6
    Either/Both 20.8 15.4 22.4
  Healthcare utilization experience:
   Public service utilization (vaccination):*
    No 78.5 76.1 79.2
    Yes 21.5 23.9 20.8
   Utilization of healthcare service for recent illness:*
    No illness 74.6 71.6 75.5
   Illness: Insurance use 22.8 25.2 22.2
    Non-insurance use due to minor illness 0.8 0.6 0.8
    Non-insurance use due to other reasons 1.8 2.6 1.5
  Treatment by health personnel for recent falling accident:*
   No falling 88.6 86.9 89.1
   Falling: Receive treatment 2.7 3.2 2.6
    No treatment due to minor accident 6.1 7.0 5.8
    No treatment but take care themselves 2.6 2.9 2.5
  Social/community support:
   Visited by village health volunteer:*
    No 44.1 49.4 42.6
    Yes 55.9 50.6 57.4
   Information awareness:
    No 11.6 12.1 11.4
    Yes (at least one source) 88.4 87.9 88.6
   Participating the community club for older adults:*
    No 65.0 67.5 64.2
    Yes 35.0 32.5 35.8
  1. *Statistical significance between group comparisons after chi-square test (p < 0.001)