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Table 3 Dietary habits of the study population

From: Oral health of children and adolescents with or without attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) living in residential care in rural Rhineland-Palatinate, Germany

  Children and adolescents with ADHD (study group)Children and adolescents without ADHD (control group)P-value
Preferred beverage• water2 (5.9%)2 (4.4%)0.390
• acidic/sugary beverage29 (85.3%)42 (93.4%)
• no answer3 (8.8%)1 (2.2%)
Frequency of intake of acidic/sugary beverage• at least >3 times per week to ≥2x daily12 (41.4%)14 (33.3%)0.348
• 1x per week7 (24.1%)16 (38.1%)
• 1x per month3 (10.3%)1 (2.4%)
• no answer7 (24.1%)11 (26.2%)
Preferred sweets eaten between meals• chocolate, candy bars, cookies, ice cream11 (39.3%)13 (33.3%)0.378
• jelly sweets, sour sweets5 (17.9%)15 (38.5%)
• hard candy, chewing gum6 (21.4%)5 (12.8%)
• more than one type of sweets6 (21.4%)6 (15.4%)
Frequency of intake of preferred sweets• daily11 (40.7%)10 (25.6%)0.291
• 2-3x per week6 (22.2%)15 (38.5%)
• 1x per week10 (37.0%)14 (35.9%)