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Table 3 Summary of the main intervention characteristics of the eligible studies

From: Influence of glide path kinematics during endodontic treatment on the occurrence and intensity of intraoperative and postoperative pain: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials

AuthorsOperatorsWorking lengthGlide path systemInstrumentation systemSurgical diameterNo of sessionsRoot canal filling
Pasqualini et al., 2012 [18]21 endodontistsFull root canal length, i.e. up to the apical foramenICR-GP (PathFile #13, #16, #19, taper 0.02) and IIM-GP (Stainless-steel K-file #08, #10, #12, #15, #17, #20)##1Empty (cotton pellet)
Chen et al., 2013 [32]Single operatorFull root canal length, i.e. up to the apical foramenI,IICR-GP (PathFile #13, #16, #19, taper 0.02) and IIIWGPIReciproc (R25), II,IIIProTaper (#S1, #S2, #F1, #F2)25/0.08##
Guo et al., 2014 [33]ExperiencedI,III or unexperiencedII,IV physiciansFull root canal length, i.e. up to the apical foramenI,IICR-GP (PathFile #13, #16, #19, taper 0.02) and III,IVM-GP (Stainless-steel K-file #10, #15, #20)ProTaper+##
Adıgüzel et al., 2019 [2]Single endodontistFull root canal length, i.e. up to the apical foramenICR-GP (One G #14, taper 0.03), IIR-GP (R-Pilot #12.5, taper 0.04) and IIIWGPMtwo30/0.051Gutta-percha and AH Plus sealer
Keskin et al., 2019 [4]Four endodontistsFull root canal length, i.e. up to the apical foramenIR-GP (R-Pilot #12.5, taper 0.04), IICR-GP (ProGlider #16, variable taper), and IIIM-GP (stainless-steel K-file #08, #10, #15)ProTaper Next30/0.07, 40/0.06 or 50/0.061Gutta-percha and AH Plus sealer
Tüfenkçi et al., 2019 [34]Single operatorFull root canal length, i.e. up to the apical foramenIR-GP (R-Pilot #12.5, taper 0.04), IIR-GP (WaveOne Gold Glider #17, variable taper), IIICR-GP (One G #14, taper 0.03), IVCR-GP (ProGlider #16, variable taper)####
  1. Superscript roman numerals mean group number; +Not mentioned by the author; #Not applicable; M-GP manual glide path, CR-GP continuous rotary glide path, R-GP reciprocating glide path, WGP without glide path.