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Table 3 Comparisons of changes in anthropometric measurements, dental measurements, blood pressure, and blood samples within the control (n = 43) and intervention (n = 39) groups before and after treatment

From: Effect of dental intervention on improvements in metabolic syndrome patients: a randomized controlled clinical trial

Time point Control Intervention
Difference in mean value p value* Difference in mean value p value*
Weight (kg)     
 Baseline-1 months 0.17 1.000 0.84 0.097
 Baseline-3 months 0.05 1.000 1.35 0.014*
 1–3 months − 0.13 1.000 0.5 0.710
Body fat rate (%)     
 Baseline-1 months 0.49 0.680 1.02 0.007*
 Baseline-3 months 0.94 0.085 0.76 0.240
 1–3 months 0.45 0.798 − 0.26 1.000
Body fat mass (kg)     
 Baseline-1 months 0.34 1.000 1.01 0.005*
 Baseline-3 months 0.58 0.711 0.97 0.055
 1–3 months 0.24 1.000 − 0.04 1.000
Lean mass (kg)     
 Baseline-1 months − 0.16 1.000 − 0.17 1.000
 Baseline-3 months − 0.53 0.098 0.37 0.770
 1–3 months − 0.37 0.630 0.54 0.260
Muscle mass (kg)     
 Baseline-1 months − 0.14 1.000 − 0.15 1.000
 Baseline-3 months − 0.51 0.096 0.35 0.760
 1–3 months − 0.37 0.560 0.50 0.260
Estimated bone mass (kg)     
 Baseline-1 months − 0.02 0.830 − 0.02 0.680
 Baseline-3 months − 0.06 0.230 0.02 1.000
 1–3 months − 0.01 1.000 0.04 0.300
Body water mass (kg)     
 Baseline-1 months 0.00 1.000 − 0.54 0.150
 Baseline-3 months − 0.21 1.000 0.11 1.000
 1–3 months − 0.22 0.750 0.654 0.009*
Body water rate (%)     
 Baseline-1 months − 0.24 1.000 − 1.24 0.000*
 Baseline-3 months − 0.56 0.550 − 0.74 0.059
 1–3 months − 3.26 0.670 0.51 0.210
BMI     
 Baseline-1 months 0.05 1.000 0.28 0.130
 Baseline-3 months 0.01 1.000 0.48 0.016*
 1–3 months − 0.04 1.000 0.20 0.650
Waist circumference (cm)     
 Baseline-1 months 1.60 0.003* 1.92 0.004*
 Baseline-3 months 2.27 0.001* 2.67 0.000*
 1–3 months 0.67 0.250 0.75 0.390
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg)     
 Baseline-1 months 10.09 0.000* 10.51 0.000*
 Baseline-3 months 7.72 0.000* 10.49 0.001*
 1–3 months − 2.37 0.750 − 0.018 0.750
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg)     
 Baseline-1 months 4.07 0.016* 4.54 0.004*
 Baseline-3 months 3.73 0.020* 3.12 0.073
 1–3 months − 0.34 1.000 − 1.42 1.000
LDL (mg/dl)     
 Baseline-1 months − 0.23 1.000 2.33 1.000
 Baseline-3 months − 1.21 1.000 5.85 0.410
 1–3 months − 0.98 1.000 3.51 1.000
TG (mg/dl)     
 Baseline-1 months 38.42 1.000 6.46 1.000
 Baseline-3 months 36.19 1.000 − 14.95 0.720
 1–3 months − 2.23 1.000 − 21.41 0.091
HDL (mg/dl)     
 Baseline-1 months 1.42 0.650 − 1.10 1.000
 Baseline-3 months − 0.67 1.000 − 0.46 1.000
 1–3 months − 2.09 0.370 0.64 1.000
FBS (mg/dl)     
 Baseline-1 months − 5.05 0.170 0.85 1.000
 Baseline-3 months − 2.05 1.000 1.08 1.000
 1–3 months 3.00 1.000 0.23 1.000
HbA1c (%) NGSP     
 Baseline-1 months 0.03 0.850 0.06 0.300
 Baseline-3 months 0.01 1.000 0.04 0.750
 1–3 months − 0.02 1.000 − 0.02 1.000
PD ≥ 4 mm (% of sites)     
 Baseline-1 months − 0.70 1.000 7.80 0.000
 Baseline-3 months − 0.90 1.000 8.70 0.000
 1–3 months − 0.20 1.000 0.90 1.000
BOP (% of sites)     
 Baseline-1 months 0.60 1.000 11.00 0.000
 Baseline-3 months 1.30 1.000 12.40 0.000
 1–3 months 0.70 1.000 1.40 0.949
  1. Data were presented as differences in mean value. A negative value for within-group changes denotes an increase of variable between time points. Statistical analysis using Repeated ANOVA
  2. *Statistically significant p values for within-group changes