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Table 5 Comparisons of anthropometric measurements, dental measurements, blood pressure, and blood samples between the control group (n = 27) and the intervention group (n = 26) before and after treatment among patients with periodontitis alone

From: Effect of dental intervention on improvements in metabolic syndrome patients: a randomized controlled clinical trial

  Baseline 1M 3M
Mean Mean p value* Mean p value*
Control Intervention Control Intervention   Control Intervention  
Weight (kg) 70.6 (10.0) 76.9.50 70.2 (10.1) 74.6 (9.4) 0.089 70.1 (10.0) 74.8 (9.1) 0.495
Body fat rate (%) 30.0 (10.3) 30.6 (8.7) 29.8 (10.0) 29.2 (8.8) 0.005* 29.5 (10.1) 29.5 (8.8) 0.280
Body fat mass (kg) 21.4 (8.5) 23.3 (7.6) 21.1 (8.4) 21.8 (7.4) 0.004* 20.9 (8.5) 22.1 (7.3) 0.259
Lean mass (kg) 49.2 (9.1) 52.7 (9.4) 49.1 (8.7) 52.8 (9.4) 0.444 49.2 (8.8) 52.8 (9.4) 0.679
Muscle mass (kg) 46.5 (8.7) 49.9 (9.0) 46.4 (8.4) 49.9 (9.1) 0.461 46.5 (8.5) 49.9 (9.1) 0.723
Estimated bone mass (kg) 2.7 (0.4) 2.8 (0.4) 2.7 (0.4) 2.9 (0.4) 0.263 2.7 (0.4) 2.9 (0.4) 0.225
Body water mass (kg) 35.2 (5.7) 36.5 (5.6) 35.1 (5.1) 36.9 (6.1) 0.210 35.3 (5.3) 36.6 (5.9) 0.931
Body water rate (%) 50.1 (5.7) 48.1 (4.3) 50.3 (5.0) 49.5 (4.9) 0.048* 50.6 (5.4) 48.9 (4.7) 0.905
BMI 26.5 (3.3) 26.9 (3.6) 26.4 (3.4) 26.4 (3.6) 0.056 26.3 (3.3) 26.5 (3.5) 0.371
Waist circumference (cm) 95.4 (6.4) 98.0 (6.6) 93.5 (6.3) 96.1 (6.4) 0.698 92.7 (6.6) 95.8 (606) 0.292
Systolic blood pressure (mmHg) 136.8 (16.5) 141.0 (17.2) 129.1 (15.1) 129.0 (12.7) 0.497 128.1 (15.7) 132.6 (15.1) 0.617
Diastolic blood pressure (mmHg) 82.7 (12.2) 79.7 (12.1) 78.8 (10.3) 75.1 (10.0) 0.408 77.2 (11.4) 77.4 (9.6) 0.450
LDL (mg/dl) 128.2 (31.1) 140.2 (34.6) 130.3 (34.0) 139.6 (34.2) 0.813 128.0 (26.6) 130.4 (34.2) 0.202
TG (mg/dl) 208.2 (479.2) 153.5 (64.7) 145.9 (111.6) 142.6 (76.5) 0.928 152.6 (138.2) 165.3 (85.9) 0.183
HDL (mg/dl) 67.8 (21.1) 59.8 (13.9) 66.7 (19.0) 61.4 (15.0) 0.308 67.7 (21.0) 61.5 (16.5) 0.517
FBS (mg/dl) 94.1 (10.8) 93.3 (15.8) 98.6 (14.1) 94.8 (13.6) 0.323 94.0 (14.7) 94.8 (16.8) 0.758
HbA1c (%) NGSP 5.6 (0.3) 5.5 (0.4) 5.6 (0.4) 5.5 (0.3) 0.068 5.5 (0.4) 5.5 (0.3) 0.520
PD ≥ 4 mm (% of sites) 13.6 (14.5) 16.8 (15.4) 14.9 (15.9) 10.5 (10.1) 0.001* 15.4 (17.3) 9.7 (10.3) 0.000*
BOP (% of sites) 17.1 (15.3) 22.3 (21.7) 18.2 (18.7) 12.5 (10.4) 0.006* 17.7 (18.7) 11.4 (12.7) 0.006*
  1. Data are presented as mean (standard deviation) (for all such values). Statistical analysis using ANCOVA
  2. *Statistically significant p values for between-group differences determined by ANCOVA with sex and baseline values as covariate