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Table 2 Oral hygiene practices of SIYP in Lagos and Osun State, Nigeria (N = 845)

From: Association between water, sanitation, general hygiene and oral hygiene practices of street-involved young people in Southwest Nigeria

VariablesSexAgeResidenceTotal
N = 845
Male
(n = 452)
Female
(n = 393)
10–14 years
(n = 229)
15–19 years
(n = 372
20–24 years
(n = 244)
Lagos
(n = 428)
Osun
(n = 417)
Sugar intake in-between meals
 Rarely/never eat between meals68 (15.0%)63 (16.0%)26 (11.4%)67 (18.0%)38 (15.6%)70 (16.4%)61 (14.6%)131 (15.5%)
 Other responses384 (85.0%)330 (84.0%)203 (88.7%)305 (82.0%)206 (84.4%)358 (83.6%)356 (85.4%)714 (84.5%)
X2; p value0.16; 0.693.32; 0.190.48;0.49 
Frequency of teeth brushing
  > 2ce a day29 (6.4%)31 (7.9%)21 (9.2%)20 (5.4%)19 (7.8%)49 (11.5%)11 (2.6%)60 (7.1%)
  < 2ce a day423 (93.6%)362 (92.1%)208 (90.8%)352 (94.6%)225 (92.2%)379 (88.6%)406 (97.4%)785 (92.9%)
X2; p value0.69; 0.413.44; 0.1824.86; < 0.001 
Frequency of teeth flossing
  > 2ce a day20 (4.4%)15 (3.8%)8 (3.5%)15 (4.0%)12 (4.9%)22 (5.1%)13 (3.1%)35 (4.1%)
  < 2ce a day432 (95.6%)378 (96.2%)221 (96.5%)357 (96.0%)232 (95.1%)406 (94.9%)404 (96.9)810 (95.9%)
X2; p value0.20; 0.660.62; 0.732.17; 0.14 
Use of fluoride containing toothpaste
 Always134 (29.6%)108 (27.5%)104 (45.4%)95 (25.5%)43 (17.6%)175 (40.9%)67 (16.1%)242 (28.6%)
 Others318 (70.4%)285 (72.5%)125 (54.6%)277 (74.5%)201 (82.4%)253 (59.1%)350 (83.9%)603 (71.4%)
X2; p value0.48; 0.4947.77; < 0.00163.67; < 0.001 
Frequency of dental check-up
 6–12 monthly27 (5.9%)36 (9.2%)24 (10.5%)23 (6.2%)16 (6.6%)44 (10.3%)19 (4.6%)63 (7.5%)
 Others425 (94.0%)357 (90.8%)205 (89.5%)349 (93.8%)228 (93.4%)384 (89.7%)398 (95.4%)782 (92.5%)
X2; p value3.09; 0.084.20; 0.1210.03; < 0.002