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Table 1 Full questions used in survey to measure ACEs and coding

From: Understanding the association between self-reported poor oral health and exposure to adverse childhood experiences: a retrospective study

ACE questions. All ACE questions were preceded by the statement “While you were growing up, before the age of 18...”
ACEQuestionQualifying response
Physical abuseHow often did a parent or adult in your home ever hit, beat, kick, or physically hurt you in any way? This does not include gentle smacking for punishment?Once or more than once
Verbal abuseHow often did a parent or adult in your home ever swear at you, insult you, or put you down?More than once
Sexual abuseHow often did anyone at least 5 years older than you (including adults) ever touch you sexually?Once or more than once to any of the questions
How often did anyone at least 5 years older than you (including adults) try to make you touch them sexually?
How often did anyone at least 5 years older than you (including adults) force you to have any type of sexual intercourse (oral, anal, or vaginal)?
Parental separationWere your parents ever separated or divorced?Yes
Domestic violenceHow often did your parents or adults in your home ever slap, hit, kick, punch, or beat each other up?Once or more than once
Mental illnessDid you live with anyone who was depressed, mentally ill, or suicidal?Yes
Alcohol abuseDid you live with anyone who was a problem drinker or alcoholic?Yes
Drug abuseDid you live with anyone who used illegal street drugs or who abused prescription medications?Yes
IncarcerationDid you live with anyone who served time or was sentenced to serve time in a prison or young offenders’ institution?Yes