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Table 1 Background characteristics overall and by intervention

From: Evaluating mechanisms of change in an oral hygiene improvement trial with older adults

Characteristic Overall percent (n = 331) Percent AMI counseling intervention (n = 174) Percent campaign intervention (n = 157)
Gender
 Male 42.0 42.5 41.4
 Female 58.0 57.5 58.6
Age (mean = 66.2; SD = 10.4)
 < 62 31.1 31.0 31.2
 ≥ 62 68.9 68.9 68.8
Race/ethnicity
 Hispanic 58.3 66.1 21.0*
 Black Not Hispanic 23.0 24.7 49.7
 White Not Hispanic and others 18.7 9.2 29.3
Education
 Less than high school 47.7 49.4 45.7
 More than high school 52.3 50.6 54.2
Marital status
 Living alone 83.9 89.1 78.4
 Married/with partner 16.0 10.9 21.6
Income (Mean = $1018; SD = $531.6)
 < $900 51.7 45.4 38.8
 ≥ $900 48.3 54.6 61.2
Time since last visit to the dentist
 < 1 year 55.2 55.5 57.2
 ≥ 1 year 43.7 44.5 42.8
No. Illness Diagnoses (Mean = 3.8 (SD = 1.4); median = 4
 0–4 67.4 67.8 66.9
 4+  32.6 32.2 33.1
No. Diagnoses that Interfere with daily activities (Mean = 1.4 (SD = 1.0); Median = 0)
 0 42.0 43.1 40.8
 1+ 58.0 56.9 59.2
CES-D-SF (Mean = 4.1 (SD = 2.2); Median = 4
 0–4 57.4 43.1 57.3
 4+ 42.6 56.9 42.7
Self-Rating of oral health
 Poor and Fair 63.1 60.9 65.6
 Good and Excellent 36.9 39.1 34.4