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Table 4 Fungal colonization at baseline before treatment by characteristics

From: An underestimated pitfall of oral candidiasis in head and neck cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy: an observation study

Factors Culture at baseline n (%) P value
Not colonized Colonized
Sex    0.815
 Male 35 (59) 24 (41)  
 Female 17 (63) 10 (37)  
Age, median (IQR) 60 (54–64) 64 (58–70) 0.021*
Underlying disease
 DM 3 (60) 2 (40) 1.000
 HT 14 (61) 9 (39) 1.000
 HIV 0 (0) 1 (100) 0.395
Tumor site    0.206
 Nasopharynx 26 (70) 11 (30)  
 Oropharynx 12 (48) 13 (52)  
 Oral cavity 14 (58) 10 (42)  
Smoking    0.039**
 Never used 17 (81) 4 (19)  
 Use/experience 35 (54) 30 (46)  
Alcohol    1.000
 Never used 19 (61) 12 (39)  
 Use/experience 33 (60) 22 (40)  
Chewing betel    0.022**
 Never used 49 (65) 26 (35)  
 Use/experience 3 (27) 8 (73)  
Oral status    
 Oral hygiene    0.088
  Excellent/good 46 (65) 25 (35)  
  Fair/poor 6 (40) 9 (60)  
 Denture wearer 5 (56) 4 (44) 0.735
  1. *Wilcoxon rank-sum test
  2. **Fisher’s exact test