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Table 6 Oral health behaviors and oral health knowledge of pregnant migrant workers and local pregnant women

From: Oral health status and behaviors of pregnant migrant workers in Bangkok, Thailand: a cross-sectional study

Oral health behaviors and knowledge
n (%)
Pregnant migrants
(n = 208)
Local pregnant women
(n = 210)
p value
Brushed teeth twice daily or more often 201 (96.6) 206 (98.1) 0.351
Did not know about fluoride toothpaste 159 (76.4) 20 (9.5)  < 0.001*
Was ignorant regarding the protective effect of fluoride toothpaste 46 (22.1) 188 (89.5)  < 0.001*
Used fluoride toothpaste regularly 38 (18.3) 167 (79.5)  < 0.001*
Did not know whether the toothpaste they used on a daily basis was fluorinated 167 (80.3) 38 (18.1)  < 0.001*
Did not appreciate the need to use fluoride toothpaste 172 (82.7) 33 (15.7)  < 0.001*
Did not know about dental floss 115 (55.3) 34 (16.2)  < 0.001*
Knew about dental floss but had never used it 64 (30.8) 118 (56.2)  < 0.001*
Had used dental floss 26 (12.5) 43 (20.5) 0.028*
Used dental floss daily 2 (1.0) 9 (4.3) 0.344F
Used a toothpick 96 (46.2) 120 (57.1) 0.025*
Consumed sweets on a daily basis 28 (13.5) 29 (13.8) 0.917
Consumed soda drinks on a daily basis 20 (9.6) 17 (8.1) 0.584
Had never visited a dentist or had done so less than once in a year 127 (61.1) 22 (10.5)  < 0.001*
Was aware of increased risk of tooth decay and periodontal disease during pregnancy 55 (26.4) 135 (64.3)  < 0.001*
Believed that pregnant women should not get oral treatment 155 (74.5) 92 (43.8)  < 0.001*
  1. p value from Chi-Square test and F = p value from Fisher’s exact Test
  2. *Significant at p value < 0.05