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Table 5 Major behaviour change techniques (BCT) used and their mechanism of action in the intervention package to support tobacco cessation (based on different stages of behaviour change, based on the ‘transtheoretical model’)

From: Co-producing an intervention for tobacco cessation and improvement of oral health among diabetic patients in Bangladesh

  Pre-contemplation Contemplation Preparation Action Maintenance
1. BCT used 5.1 Information about health consequences 5.1 Information about health consequences
9.2 Pros and Cons
5.2 Salience of consequences
1.1 Goal setting (behavior)
1.3 Goal Setting (outcome)
1.5 Review behavior goals
1.7 Review outcome goals
1.2 problem solving
12.3 Avoidance/ reducing exposure to cues for the behaviour
11.2 Reduce negative emotions
1.2 problem solving
12.3 Avoidance/ reducing exposure to cues for the behaviour
11.2 Reduce negative emotions
Mechanism of Action Knowledge Knowledge, belief about consequences Goals, beliefs about capability Beliefs about capability. environmental context and resources, emotion Beliefs about capability. environmental context and resources, emotion
Content used in flip chart 1.Ingredients used in cigarettes and ST
2. Health effects of tobacco (general health, specific dental health)
1. Ingredients used in cigarettes and ST
2. Health effects of tobacco
(general health, specific dental health)
Use of scales: Importance to quit
Readiness to quit
Confidence to quit
Guidance for preparation
1. Guidance for cessation
2. Identify social cues and situations that lead to tobacco use
3.Tips to control the cues
4. Tips to control the withdrawal symptoms
1. Guidance for cessation
2. Identify social cues and situations that lead to tobacco use
3.Tips to control the cues
4. Tips to control the withdrawal symptoms
Content used in video 1.Ingredients used in cigarettes and ST
2. Health effects of tobacco
1.Ingredients used in cigarette and ST
2. Health effects of tobacco
   
2. BCT used 3.1 Social support (unspecified) 3.1 Social support (unspecified) 3.2 Social support (practical) 3.1 Social support (unspecified)
3.2 Social support (practical)
3.1 Social support (unspecified)
3.2 Social support (practical)
Mechanism of Action Environmental context and resources Environmental context and resources Social influence Social influence Social influence
Content used in flip chart Financial gain over time not buying tobacco products. Alternative use of saved money Financial gain over time not buying tobacco products. Alternative use of saved money Tips to use friends, family and children as sources of encouragement in quitting tobacco 1. Tips to use friends, family and children as sources of encouragement in quitting tobacco
2 Improving public image and boosting confidence to attend social events because of quitting tobacco
1. Tips to use friends, family and children as sources of encouragement in quitting tobacco
2. Improving public image and boosting confidence to attend social events because of quitting tobacco
3. BCT used 3.2 Social support (practical) 3.2 Social support (practical)    
Mechanism of Action Social influence Social influence    
Intervention setting 1. Accessing professional support for tobacco cessation
2. Supportive environment at the dental clinic
3. Delivery of the intervention by dentists or dental nurses
1. Accessing professional support for tobacco cessation
2. Supportive environment at the dental clinic
3. Delivery of the intervention by dentists or dental nurses
   
Pharmacological     NRT NRT