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Table 1 Characteristics of participants according to presence or absence of dental caries

From: Prevalence, correlates and treatment needs of dental caries among people on antiretroviral therapy in Uganda: a cross sectional study

Characteristic No dental caries Dental caries P value
(N = 64) (N = 130)
n (%) n (%)
Age categories   
 < 36 12 (18.8) 35 (26.9) 0.29
36–45 25 (39.1) 46 (35.4)
 > 45 27 (42.2) 49 (37.7)
Gender    
Female 39 (60.9) 85 (65.4) 0.544
Male 25 (39.1) 45 (34.6)
Education    
None 9 (14.1) 16 (12.3)  
Primary 39 (60.9) 66 (50.8) 0.293
Secondary 10 (15.6) 33 (25.4)  
Certificate 3 (4.7) 10 (7.7)  
Diploma 3 (4.7) 5 (3.9)  
Occupation    
Formal employment 5 (7.8) 15 (11.5)  
Business 6 (9.4) 9 (6.9) 0.591
Casual worker 34 (53.1) 51 (39.2)  
Self employed 19 (29.7) 55 (42.3)  
CD4 count    
 ≤ 350 8 (12.5) 34 (26.2) 0.034*
 > 350 56 (87.5) 96 (73.8)
Meals per day   
Once 6 (9.4) 12 (9.2)  
Twice 38 (59.4) 67 (51.5) 0.665
Thrice 18 (28.1) 48 (36.9)  
 > 3 times 2 (3.1) 3 (2.3)  
Tooth brushing habits   
No 13 (20.3) 14 (10.8)  
At least once a day 51 (79.7) 116 (89.2) 0.075
Alcohol use   
No 49 (76.6) 107 (82.3) 0.343
Yes 15 (23.4) 23 (17.7)
Smoking    
No 59 (92.2) 121 (93.1) 0.822
Yes 5 (7.8) 9 (6.9)
Ever had a dental checkup   
Never 58 (90.6) 118 (90.8) 0.903
Once 6 (9.4) 10 (7.7)
Twice 0 (0) 1 (0.8)
3 + times 0 (0) 1 (0.8)
Eating snacks   
No 12 (18.7) 30 (23.1)  
Yes 52 (81.3) 100 (76.9) 0.491
Use of other drugs   
No 59 (92.2) 113 (86.9) 0.277
Yes 5 (7.8) 17 (13.1)
  1. P values represent tests for differences in characteristics for people with and without carries experience and were calculated using chi-squared testing
  2. n = participants