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Table 2 Comparison of mean PSS scores between all demographic and professional characteristics among a sample of Pakistani dentists (n = 157)

From: Levels of perceived stress according to professional standings among dental surgeons of Karachi: a descriptive study

Variable Mean ± SD p-value Total n = 157
Gender
Female 18.85 ± 5.842 0.086 102
Male 17.42 ± 4.425 55
Marital status
Married 16.72 ± 5.421 0.004* 57
Single 19.28 ± 5.217 100
Work sector
Government 20.39 ± 4.692 0.010* 36
Private 17.74 ± 5.487 121
Specialty
Non-specialist 18.79 ± 4.646 0.262 90
Specialist 17.76 ± 6.296 67
Age
20–29 19.01(5.428) 0.008* 115
30–39 17.55(4.702) 29
40 and above 14.31(5.154) 13
Years of experience
Up to 5 years 19.29 ± 5.230 0.002* 92
6 to 10 years 18.72 ± 4.250 29
 ≥ 11 years 15.64 ± 5.934 36
Designation
House officers 18.93 ± 5.099 0.015* 60
Lecturer/GDPs 18.75 ± 5.336 57
Postgraduate-dental trainees 18.67 ± 4.724 24
 ~ Asst./Asso./Prof 14.25 ± 6.506 16
Monthly income in PKR
Honoree (no pay) 21.67 ± 6.910 0.014* 09
5000–19,000 19.29 ± 4.539 42
20,000–59,000 18.12 ± 5.003 66
60,000–99,000 18.73 ± 4.891 22
100,000 and above 14.89 ± 7.128 18
  1. *p-value < 0.05 was considered significant
  2.  ~ Asst. = Assistant Professor, Asso. = Associate Professor, Prof. = Professor