Skip to main content

Table 2 Oral health indicators across subjective chewing problem score (0–3) in developing sample (n = 260)

From: Development a new chewing problem directory and its validation for Korean elders

Variable Subjective chewing problem score Partial r p value
0 (n = 82) 1(n = 40) 2(n = 47) 3(n = 91)
TOF, Newton       
 Crude1 461.8 ± 394.1a 366.4 ± 281.4a,b 337.8 ± 261.9a,b 290.5 ± 247.5b   0.004
 Adjusted2 444.7 ± 33.5a 365.7 ± 47.1 a,b 351.5 ± 43.5a,b 299.3 ± 31.7b − 0.202 0.023
NRT       
 Crude1 27.3 ± 2.3a 26.7 ± 2.6a 25.6 ± 4.8a,b 24.4 ± 5.6b   < 0.001
 Adjusted2 27.0 ± 0.4a 25.9 ± 0.6a 25.0 ± 0.5a 24.0 ± 0.4b − 0.276 < 0.001
NRT posterior       
 Crude1 15.4 ± 2.2a 14.7 ± 2.4a 14.1 ± 3.5a 13.8 ± 4.1b   < 0.001
 Adjusted2 15.0 ± 0.3a 14.0 ± 0.5a,b 13.3 ± 0.4b,c 12.8 ± 0.3c − 0.263 < 0.001
NT       
 Crude1 19.8 ± 8.4a 17.3 ± 8.8a,b 15.3 ± 10.1b 15.4 ± 9.0b   0.006
 Adjusted2 18.0 ± 0.6a 17.1 ± 0.8a,b 16.1 ± 0.7a,b 15.3 ± 0.5b − 0.189 0.006
NT posterior       
 Crude1 10.2 ± 5.5a 8.7 ± 5.4a,b 7.8 ± 6.2a,b 7.8 ± 5.4b   0.027
 Adjusted2 9.0 ± 0.4a 8.6 ± 0.4a,b 8.4 ± 0.4a,b 7.8 ± 0.3b − 0.157 0.085
  1. TOF, total occlusion force; NRT, natural/rehabilitated teeth number; NT, natural teeth number; Posterior, premolars and molars; Partial r, correlation coefficient
  2. Crude1: Mean ± Standard deviation; Adjusted.2: Mean ± Standard error
  3. Superscript denotes the same subgroups by Bonferroni’s post-hoc multiple comparisons test
  4. p value: obtained from ANOVA for crude values and ANCOVA for adjusted value after controlling for sex, age, alcohol drinking, smoking, education, periodontitis, metabolic syndrome and frailty