American Academy of Pediatrics. Committee on fetus and newborn. Nomenclature for duration of gestation, birth weight and intra-uterine growth. Pediatrics. 1967;39:935–9.
Brogårdh-Roth S, Stjernqvist K, Matsson L, Klingberg G. Parental perspectives on preterm children’s oral health behaviour and experience of dental care during preschool and early school years. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2009;19:243–50.
Corrêa-Faria P, Martins-Júnior PA, Vieira-Andrade RG, Oliveira-Ferreira F, Marques LS, Ramos-Jorge ML. Developmental defects of enamel in primary teeth: prevalence and associated factors. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2013;23:173–9.
Velló MA, Martínez-Costa C, Catalá M, Fons J, Brines J, Guijarro-Martínez R. Prenatal and neonatal risk factors for the development of enamel defects in low birth weight children. Oral Dis. 2010;16:257–62.
Davenport ES, Litenas C, Barbayiannis P, Williams CES. The effects of diet, breast-feeding and weaning on caries risk for pre-term and low birth weight children. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2004;14:251–9.
Wan AK, Seow WK, Purdie DM, Bird PS, Walsh LJ, Tudehope DI. Oral colonization of Streptococcus mutans in six-month-old predentate infants. J Dent Res. 2001;80:2060–5.
Ushida N, Ishihara K, Kobayashi N, Matsukubo T, Yakushiji M, Okuda K. Initial acquisition and transmission of Streptococcus mutans from Japanese mothers to children. Pediatr Dent J. 2009;19:98–105.
An epidemiological index of developmental defects of dental enamel (DDE Index). Commission on Oral Health, Research and Epidemiology. Int Dent J. 1982;32:159–67.
Hohoff A, Rabe H, Ehmer U, Harms E. Palatal development of preterm and low birthweight infants compared to term infants – What do we know? Part 3: discussion and conclusion. Head Face Med. 2005;1:10.
Burt BA, Pai S. Does low birthweight increase the risk of caries? A systematic review J Dent Educ. 2001;65:1024–7.
Gravina DBL, Cruvinel VRN, Azevedo TDPL, de Toledo OA, Bezerra ACB. Prevalence of dental caries in children born prematurely or at full term. Braz Oral Res. 2006;20:353–7.
Schüler IM, Haberstroh S, Dawczynski K, Lehmann T, Heinrich-Weltzien R. Dental caries and developmental defects of enamel in the primary dentition of preterm infants: case-control observational study. Caries Res. 2018;52:22–31.
Sajjadian N, Shajari H, Jahadi R, Barakat MG, Sajjadian A. Relationship between birth weight and time of first deciduous tooth eruption in 143 consecutively born infants. Pediatr Neonatol. 2010;51:235–7.
Viscardi RM, Romberg E, Abrams RG. Delayed primary tooth eruption in premature infants: relationship to neonatal factors. Pediatr Dent. 1994;16:23–8.
Seow WK, Humphrys C, Mahanonda R, Tudehope DI. Dental eruption in low birth-weight prematurely born children: a controlled study. Pediatr Dent. 1988;10:39–42.
Berkowitz RJ, Hollan G, Moxham B. Oral anatomy, embryology and histology. 3rd ed. Chicago: Mosby; 2002.
Aine L, Backström MC, Mäki R, Kuusela AL, Koivisto AM, Ikonen RS, et al. Enamel defects in primary and permanent teeth of children born prematurely. J Oral Pathol Med. 2000;29:403–9.
Sabel N, Klingberg G, Dietz W, Nietzsche S, Norén JG. Polarized light and scanning electron microscopic investigation of enamel hypoplasia in primary teeth. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2010;20:31–6.
de Cortines AA, O, Corrêa-Faria P, Paulsson L, Costa PS, Costa LR, . Developmental defects of enamel in the deciduous incisors of infants born preterm: Prospective cohort. Oral Dis. 2019;25:543–9.
Berkowitz RJ. Mutans streptococci: acquisition and transmission. Pediatr Dent. 2006;28:106–9; discussion 192–198.
Könönen E, Kanervo A, Takala A, Asikainen S, Jousimies-Somer H. Establishment of oral anaerobes during the first year of life. J Dent Res. 1999;78:1634–9.
Makhoul IR, Sujov P, Ardekian L, Kassis I, Smolkin T, Abu-Elnaa’j I, et al. Factors influencing oral colonization in premature infants. Isr Med Assoc J IMAJ. 2002;4:98–102.
Li Y, Caufield PW, Dasanayake AP, Wiener HW, Vermund SH. Mode of delivery and other maternal factors influence the acquisition of Streptococcus mutans in infants. J Dent Res. 2005;84:806–11.
Thakur R, Singh MG, Chaudhary S, Manuja N. Effect of mode of delivery and feeding practices on acquisition of oral Streptococcus mutans in infants. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2012;22:197–202.
Nelun Barfod M, Magnusson K, Lexner MO, Blomqvist S, Dahlén G, Twetman S. Oral microflora in infants delivered vaginally and by caesarean section. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2011;21:401–6.
Seow WK, Lam JHC, Tsang AKL, Holcombe T, Bird PS. Oral Streptococcus species in pre-term and full-term children - a longitudinal study. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2009;19:406–11.
Wan AKL, Seow WK, Purdie DM, Bird PS, Walsh LJ, Tudehope DI. A longitudinal study of Streptococcus mutans colonization in infants after tooth eruption. J Dent Res. 2003;82:504–8.
Plonka KA, Pukallus ML, Barnett AG, Walsh LJ, Holcombe TF, Seow WK. A longitudinal study comparing mutans streptococci and lactobacilli colonisation in dentate children aged 6 to 24 months. Caries Res. 2012;46:385–93.
Merglova V, Koberova-Ivancakova R, Broukal Z, Dort J. The presence of cariogenic and periodontal pathogens in the oral cavity of one-year-old infants delivered pre-term with very low birthweights: a case control study. BMC Oral Health. 2014;14:109.
Fujiwara T, Sasada E, Mima N, Ooshima T. Caries prevalence and salivary mutans streptococci in 0-2-year-old children of Japan. Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 1991;19:151–4.
Roeters FJ, van der Hoeven JS, Burgersdijk RC, Schaeken MJ. Lactobacilli, mutants streptococci and dental caries: a longitudinal study in 2-year-old children up to the age of 5 years. Caries Res. 1995;29:272–9.
Tanaka K, Miyake Y. Low birth weight, preterm birth or small-for-gestational-age are not associated with dental caries in young Japanese children. BMC Oral Health. 2014;14:38.
Lai PY, Seow WK, Tudehope DI, Rogers Y. Enamel hypoplasia and dental caries in very-low birthweight children: a case-controlled, longitudinal study. Pediatr Dent. 1997;19:42–9.